Photo of manzanita (Arctostaphylos manzanita)

Arctostaphylos manzanita

"Broadleaf evergreen shrub or small tree, 6.5-25+ ft (2-8+ m) tall, crooked branching habit, may form dense thickets; does not form a burl. Stems purplish-red, smooth to finely pubescent. Leaves alternate, simple, erect, 2-–5 cm long and 1–-3.5 cm wide, generally broadly ovate, base rounded to wedge-shaped, tip mucronate (short abrupt point), margin entire, both surfaces similar, bright green, shiny, glabrous, smooth, petiole 6-–12 mm long. Flowers small, urn-shaped, white to pinkish, in dense, pendulous clusters to 3 cm, at ends of branches. Fruit a flattened sphere, 8-12 mm wide, glabrous to hairy, white then red-brown. Sun or part shade. Some consider it the best all-around manzanita. Hardy to USDA Zone 8 Native to California, North Coast Range, foothills of the Cascades and Sierra Nevada mountains, and San Francisco Bay Area. ‘Dr. Hurd’ - a tree-like form, 12-15 ft (~3.5-4.5 m) tall, similar width, open, up swept stems, mahogany bark, large leaves, white flowers. ‘St. Helena’ - stout, widely spreading trunks, bright cinnamon bark, gray green leaves, white flowers."

Breen, Patrick.

Habitat Type Tolerance Invasive?
upper elevation and eastern cascade foothills shade No