Pinacea family. Leaves are acicular, or needle like. Needles are five to seven inches long, attached to twigs in bundles of three needles per fascicle. Bark is thick and deeply furrowed, color can vary from orange, brown or grey depending on age and condition of tree.
Alden, P. and Paulson, D. (1998) National Audubon Society: Field Guide to the Pacific Northwest. New York, NY: Knopf.
|Canopy and overstory species common east of the Cascades with bitterbrush and fescue||Full sunlight||No|